A Typology of the Unintended Consequences of Drug Crop Reductiondéc 12th, 2012 | By admin | Category: Afghanistan, Alternative development / Développement alternatif, Burma / Birmanie, Cannabis, China / Chine, Coca, English, Forced eradication / Eradication forcée, India / Inde, Iran, Journal of Drug Issues, Laos, Latin America / Amérique latine, Morocco / Maroc, Opium, Pakistan, Thailand / Thaïlande, Unintended consequences / Conséquences involontaires
A Typology of the Unintended Consequences of Drug Crop Reduction
First published on December 11, 2012 as doi:10.1177/0022042612467009.
Volume 43, Issue 2, April 2013, pp. 216 – 230 (8,330 words / 56,000 signs).
Drug control policies and interventions, like any other policies and interventions, generate many unintended consequences. Most often, such consequences are mentioned without being defined or presented in a typology, and they are rarely explained in terms of causality. This article will stress how the existing work on the unintended consequences of drug control policies and interventions suffers from little or no definition and will then provide such a definition and a typology applied to three major interventions meant to achieve drug crop reduction—forced eradication, alternative development, and opium bans. In the end, it will explain how a typology of unintended consequences can help to better understand the failure and even the counterproductivity of some interventions. Differentiating between direct and collateral unintended consequences allows us to better attribute the occurring of unintended consequences to a specific intervention and/or to the intended consequence of the interventions.
drug, policies, unintended consequences, causality